DOMS: Reducing Inflammation Through Diet and Recover Quicker

November 5th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

You know that moment. You wake up a few days after a workout and think to yourself, “Ah, now I feel it.” The technical term for this post-workout evidence of hard effort is delayed onset muscle soreness or DOMS.

 

DOMS happens when you work your muscles harder
than they are used to working. 

That’s the simple explanation, but on a biological level, there’s a lot more going on. When we work our bodies harder than they are used to, the response is inflammation. The next natural step is an immune response. When our bodies can’t deal with exercise-induced muscle damage, we experience DOMS. While the exact mechanisms are not well understood, DOMS appears to be a product of inflammation caused by microscopic tears in the connective tissue elements that sensitize nociceptors and thereby heighten the sensations of pain.

Smart recovery can prevent DOMS from derailing your training.

  • The best recovery foods to eat after an intense workout are raw, organic whole foods containing healthy amounts of carbs and protein
  • Some of the specific foods shown to soothe muscle soreness include bananas, cacao, coffee, eggs, salmon, spinach, sweet potatoes, and watermelon, as well as spices like cinnamon, ginger, and turmeric
  • Two substances you should avoid combining with exercise are alcohol and sugar, both of which cause inflammation

Cut Your Cancer Risk By Eating Organic

October 23rd, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

You can protect yourself from cancer by eating organic, a new study suggests.

Those who frequently eat organic foods lowered their overall risk of developing cancer, a study published in JAMA Internal Medicine finds. Specifically, those who primarily eat organic foods were more likely to ward off non-Hodgkin lymphoma and postmenopausal breast cancer compared to those who rarely or never ate organic foods.

Led by Julia Baudry, an epidemiologist at Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale in France, a team of researchers looked at the diets of 68,946 French adults. More than three-quarters of the volunteers were women, in their mid-40s on average. These volunteers were categorized into four groups depending on how often they reported eating 16 organic products, including fruits and vegetables, meat and fish, ready-to-eat meals, vegetable oils and condiments, dietary supplements and other products.

Follow-up time varied for each participant but lasted slightly more than four and a half years on average, and during that time, the study volunteers developed a total of 1,340 cancers. The most prevalent was breast cancer (459) followed by prostate cancer (180), skin cancer (135), colorectal cancer (99), and non-Hodgkin lymphomas (47).
The authors calculated cancer risk

Comparing the participants’ organic food scores with cancer cases,
the researchers calculated a negative relationship between high scores
(eating the most organic food) and overall cancer risk.

Those who ate the most organic food were 25% less likely to develop cancer. Specifically, they were 73% less likely to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 21% less likely to develop post-menopausal breast cancer.

Even participants who ate low-to-medium quality diets yet stuck with organic food experienced a reduced risk of cancer, the authors found.
The authors theorize a “possible explanation” for the negative relationship between organic food and cancer risk stems from the “significant” reduction of contamination that occurs when conventional foods are replaced by organic foods.

“If the findings are confirmed, promoting organic food consumption in the general population could be a promising preventive strategy against cancer,” Baudry and her colleagues concluded. Read the complete article link the link below.

by Susan Scutti, CNN


How to Fight Muscle Loss Due to Aging

September 18th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

Sarcopenia, also known as muscle loss, is a common condition that affects 10% of adults who are over 50 years old.

While it can decrease life expectancy and quality of life, there are actions you can take to prevent and even reverse the condition.

Although some of the causes of sarcopenia are a natural consequence of aging, others are preventable. In fact, a healthy diet and regular exercise can reverse sarcopenia, increasing lifespan and quality of life.

What Is Sarcopenia?
Sarcopenia literally means “lack of flesh.” It’s a condition of age-associated muscle degeneration that becomes more common in people over the age of 50. After middle age, adults lose 3% of their muscle strength every year, on average. This limits their ability to perform many routine activities. Unfortunately, sarcopenia also shortens life expectancy in those it affects, compared to individuals with normal muscle strength.

Sarcopenia is caused by an imbalance between signals for muscle cell growth and signals for teardown. Cell growth processes are called “anabolism,” and cell teardown processes are called “catabolism”. For example, growth hormones act with protein-destroying enzymes to keep muscle steady through a cycle of growth, stress or injury, destruction and then healing. This cycle is always occurring, and when things are in balance, muscle keeps its strength over time.

However, during aging, the body becomes resistant to the normal growth signals, tipping the balance toward catabolism and muscle loss. Although aging is the most common cause of sarcopenia, other factors can also trigger an imbalance between muscle anabolism and catabolism.

Four Factors That Accelerate Muscle Loss

  • Immobility, Including a Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Unbalanced Diet
  • Inflammation
  • Severe Stress

Exercise Can Reverse Sarcopenia
The strongest way to fight sarcopenia is to keep your muscles active. Combinations of aerobic exercise, resistance training, and balance training can prevent and even reverse muscle loss. At least two to four exercise sessions weekly may be required to achieve these benefits.

All types of exercise are beneficial, but some more than others.

1. Resistance Training
Resistance training includes weightlifting, pulling against resistance bands or moving part of the body against gravity. When you perform resistance exercise, the tension on your muscle fibers results in growth signals that lead to increased strength. Resistance exercise also increases the actions of growth-promoting hormones. These signals combine to cause muscle cells to grow and repair themselves, both by making new proteins and by turning on special muscle stem cells called “satellite cells,” which reinforce existing muscle.

Thanks to this process, resistance exercise is the most direct way to
increase muscle mass and prevent its loss.

2. Fitness Training
Sustained exercise that raises your heart rate, including aerobic exercise and endurance training, can also control sarcopenia. Most studies of aerobic exercise for the treatment or prevention of sarcopenia have also included resistance and flexibility training as part of a combination exercise program.

3. Walking
Walking can also prevent and even reverse sarcopenia, and it’s an activity most people can do for free, anywhere they live.

SUMMARY:
Exercise is the most effective way to reverse sarcopenia. Resistance (Strength) training is best to increase muscle mass and strength. However, combination exercise programs and walking also fight sarcopenia. At DBM, we suggest staying fit at every age and not allowing sarcopenia to set in. But, it is never too late to get started with your strength training, especially under the guidance of certified personal trainer Debbie Martilotta.

In part by Matthew Thorpe, MD, PhD 


Seafood Paella with Cauliflower Rice & Sofrito

September 18th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

Ingredients

  • 2 tablespoons macadamia nut oil
  • 1 large yellow bell pepper, about 2 cups, medium dice
  • 1 large yellow onion, about 2 cups, medium dice
  • 2 tablespoons fresh garlic, minced
  • 1/2 cup tomatoes, diced
  • 1 tablespoon smoked paprika
  • 1 teaspoon coriander
  • 1 teaspoon ancho chile
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 teaspoon turmeric
  • 1 tablespoon saffron
  • 1 large head cauliflower, about 4 cups, grated
  • 1/2 cup peas
  • 1 lb large shrimp, peeled & deveined
  • 1 lb large scallops
  • 1 1/2 lb salmon filet cut into 1-2″ cubes
  • 1/2 lb mussels
  • 1 bunch cilantro (about 1 cup, chopped)
  • 1 bunch green onions (about 1 cup, chopped)
  • 2 lemons cut into quarters
  • 2 limes cut into quarters

Directions

Step 1: Heat a large sauté pan or paella pan on high heat. Add the oil, yellow bell pepper, and yellow onion and allow to cook until golden and tender.
Step 2: Add garlic to the pan, stir, and cook 2-3 minutes.
Step 3: Add diced tomatoes and cook another 2-3 minutes. While this is cooking, add in smoked paprika, coriander, ancho chile, cumin, turmeric, and saffron.
Stir and allow spices to toast briefly for 2 minutes. Quickly stir in ¼ cup water. This will create your Sofrito.
Step 4: Add grated cauliflower to pan and stir. Allow to cook about 3 minutes. Add in peas and stir. Turn the heat down to medium.
Step 5: Evenly spread the shrimp, scallops, salmon, and mussels on top of the cauliflower and Sofrito. Cover with a lid and allow to cook about 5 minutes. Be sure shrimp is cooked through and is pink.
Step 6: Garnish the top with chopped cilantro and green onions. Serve with lemon and lime wedges on the side.

Serves: 8, ready in: 30 minutes
Nutritional Analysis per serving: calories 325, carbs 17g, fat 14g, protein 44g, sodium 204mg, sugar 4g

by MARK HYMAN, MD


Vietnamese “Noodle” Salad with Grilled Steak, Peaches, & Herbs

August 22nd, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

Ingredients:

  • 1 1/2 lbs flank steak
  • sea salt and black pepper
  • 3 peaches or nectarines, sliced into wedges

Dressing

  • Juice of 2 limes
  • ¼ cup fish sauce
  • ⅓ cup apple juice
  • 1 jalapeno pepper, minced
  • 1 teaspoon minced fresh ginger
  • 3 cloves garlic, minced ½ cup minced fresh cilantro leaves

Salad

  • 6 cups crunchy lettuce (like romaine), chopped
  • 3 cucumbers, spun into noodles
  • 1 cup chopped fresh mint leaves
  • 1 cup chopped fresh basil leaves
  • 3 scallions, chopped
  • ⅔ cup chopped cashews

Directions:
1: Bring your steak to room temperature, season both sides with salt and pepper.
2: Heat your grill to medium-high heat.
3: Grill steak to medium-rare, about 10 min on one side then 2 min on the other.
4: Transfer steak to a cutting board and allow to rest for 10 minutes.
5: Grill peaches for about 2 minutes each side, watching carefully so they don’t burn. Transfer peaches to a plate.
6: While the steak is cooking, make your dressing by combining the lime juice, fish sauce, apple juice, jalapeño pepper, ginger, garlic, and cilantro in a bowl.
7: Slice the cooked steak thinly against the grain and place it in the dressing. Allow to sit in dressing for at least 20 minutes.
8: On a platter, place the chopped lettuce down as your first layer, then top with the cucumbers, steak, peaches, the fresh mint and basil, scallions, and finally with the chopped cashews.
9: Right before serving, top the salad with remaining dressing.

Diana Rodgers at Sustainable Dish, Licensed Registered Dietitian Nutritionist,
organic farmer, and blogger on all
things sustainable.


Muscle: The Organ of Longevity, a Broken Brain Podcast

August 22nd, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

We use our muscles every day, from our brain to our quads, for the smallest and the biggest tasks. Muscles make up an impressive 45% of our body mass. Did you know that muscle is an endocrine organ and regulates metabolism? Did you know that using your muscles can actually help reduce systemic inflammation?

Today on The Broken Brain Podcast, Functional Medicine practitioner Dr. Gabrielle Lyon joins our host, Dhru Purohit, to talk about muscles and optimizing our body composition by eating protein, strength training, and more. Dr. Lyon specializes in muscle-centric medicine and works with her patients to fine-tune metabolism, balance hormones, and transform body composition.

If you want to learn all about protein, and what it can do for your muscles, how it can increase your energy, and increase your longevity, I hope you’ll tune in to our podcast.

In this episode, we dive into:

Muscle: The organ of longevity (2:18)
Obesogenic sarcopenia—what does that mean? (5:08)
Brain and muscle health in the aging (8:13)
Importance of maintaining muscle (10:18)
Everything you need to know about protein (13:21)
Sources of protein (15:58)
Plant-based protein (18:04)
Dr. Lyon’s personal daily diet (20:18)
Aging healthfully (25:26)
Building muscle—where to start? (27:51)
How do I prioritize protein correctly in my daily diet? (32:55)
Dr. Lyon’s favorite protein supplements (36:06)
How can the right protein change my life? (37:43)

I hope you enjoy this conversation as much as I did.

Wishing you health and happiness,
Mark Hyman, MD


New Studio Location Announced: Bigger and Better!

August 15th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

We Are Moving!

DBM Strength Training is moving, our new address is 
6809 Cascade Rd SE, Suite A, GR, MI 49546
Northeast Corner of Cascade Village Centre
(Cascade Rd SE at 28th St. SE), next to Heffron Farms

We are excited to offer;
more space, more windows, and possibly a shower facility.

We will be at the east end of Cascade Village Centre, next door to Heffron Farms and across from Starbucks.

Yes, you read that correctly – Starbucks!

The new studio space will be completed by Monday, August 27th. All classes and sessions from that date on will be in the new building.

 

 

 

CLASS SCHEDULE REMINDER:

Tuesday: 11:45 am-12:15 pm and 6:30 – 7 pm |  Thursday: 11:30 am-12 pm and 6:30 – 7 pm | Saturday: 10:30 am 

We suggest our clients have 1-2 personal training sessions per week by appointment, We also offer group classes at $10 each and find they are a great way to supplement your training sessions.

CLIENT REFERRAL PROGRAM:

For each new client who trains a minimum of 3 months with DBM, the referring client receives a $100 credit on their DBM account. *Be sure to introduce us to your referral prior to their training.


Berries & Cream Smoothie

August 8th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

Ingredients:
1 cup spinach
1/2 cup frozen mixed berries
1 cup unsweetened vanilla almond milk
½ cup unsweetened coconut milk
1 tablespoon almond butter
1 teaspoon ground flaxseed
Dash of cinnamon

Directions:

  • Add ingredients into a blender.
  • Blend. Server and enjoy.

Nutritional Analysis:
calories 225, fat 14g, protein 6g, sodium 211 mg, sugar 5 gram


Creamy Fennel Kale Chicken Salad

August 8th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

INGREDIENTS
2 medium leeks, thinly sliced

2 medium fennel bulbs, cored and thinly sliced

1/4 cup avocado oil

Dash black pepper

5 cups curly kale, chopped

1 lb. organic chicken breast cutlets, skinless

1/2 cup organic, low-sodium chicken broth

1/4 cup almond yogurt, unsweetened

1 tablespoon whole grain mustard

Directions
Preheat oven to 400° F.

  • On a baking sheet, place prepared fennel and leeks.
  • Toss vegetables with 2 tablespoons avocado oil, Himalayan salt, and a dash of black pepper.
  • In a separate bowl, massage kale with 1 tablespoon avocado oil, a dash of salt and pepper, and set the kale aside.
  • Bake fennel and leeks for 40 minutes and add kale to the baking sheet for the last 10-12 minutes of baking.
  • Heat 1 tablespoon avocado oil in a large pan, over medium heat. Add chicken and sauté until lightly cooked, about 3-4 minutes per side.
  • In a small bowl, mix almond yogurt, chicken broth, and mustard and pour on top of chicken.
  • Add the roasted vegetables to pan and continue to heat for 3 minutes, then enjoy!

Nutritional analysis per serving
calories 338 • fat 19g • carbohydrates 18g • sugar 7g • protein 26g


Importance of Proper Form When Strength Training

August 8th, 2018 by Debbie Martilotta

I am a stickler on proper form!

In both my classes and sessions, you will hear me correcting my clients form as needed. You’ll see me demonstrating proper form, you’ll even occasionally hear me tell a client to drop down a “click” in their weight to maintain proper form.

This article from the NFPT blog explains why proper form is so important.

I’m sure we’ve all witnessed it before, and we may even be guilty of doing this ourselves – improper form and technique when attempting to lift heavy.

Sure, the only way to increase muscle mass is by lifting heavy but what’s the point if you’re going to have sloppy form? Not only can we potentially cause injury to ourselves or clients with improper form, but we’re not working the intended muscle groups with improper form either. When strength training any area of your body, having proper form and technique is crucial to make sure you’re working the intended muscle groups that you want to develop and grow.

There are several factors that play important roles when strength training.

Prevent Injury

One of the most important reasons to maintain proper form during weight lifting exercises is to prevent injury. When we lift a heavy weight, this can cause the body to become misaligned, and that can place your tendons, muscles, and joints in positions that can potentially cause strains or tears. Rule of thumb here is to lower the weight if you have to sway your body in order to lift the weight. You want to avoid lifting by swaying your back to gain momentum.

It is always better to lift lighter weights with proper form than to lift heavy weight with sloppy form.

For example, if you’re performing bicep curls with dumbbells, and you have to swing your whole body into the exercise to lift the weight- then this is a sign that the weight is too heavy and you should find a lighter weighted dumbbell.

Muscle Targeting

Proper form also ensures correct muscle targeting. Going back to the bicep curls, if we’re swinging our whole body into the intended bicep curl movement, chances are that our bicep is not getting worked, and you’re working more of your shoulder girdles and core. By doing this you can potentially cause injury to the intended muscle that you are trying to work and strain other areas in the body that aren’t intended to be worked, with the example of bicep curls.

Proper Breathing Techniques

One area I’d like to discuss also is breathing. Proper form helps to ensure proper breathing techniques during our reps and sets. This is essential for weight training exercises because it helps to generate more force and reduce the chance of heart problems, aneurysms and severe increases in blood pressure. When you use the correct form you will be able to breathe the air in easier, and you will be able to focus on the exercise at hand with much greater detail. Rule of thumb here is to inhale just before the positive (lift) and exhale after the negative (lowering the weight) and keep this pace for each rep of each set.

Everyone likes to use heavyweight in the gym, but in order for us to lift the maximum weight, our muscles need to be in the ideal position to generate force. When movements become unaligned, muscles are placed at awkward angles decreasing functionality. By maintaining proper form you will be able to lift heavier that will be noticed with visible results in a shorter timeframe.